複数のディストリで使えるLinuxコマンド A-Z

fossBytesに4月16日(米国時間)に掲載された記事「The Ultimate A To Z List of Linux Commands|Linux Command Line Reference」が、Linuxの複数のディストリビューションで利用できるコマンド一覧を掲載した。Linuxでは多くのコマンドを知っているほど、さまざまな操作を自動化しやすくなり、コマンドを使いこなせるかどうかで、作業の効率が大きく変わってくる。

掲載されているコマンドは次のとおり。

  • accept, access, aclocal, aconnect, acpi, acpi_available, acpid, addr2line, addresses, agetty, alias, alsactl, amidi, amixer, anacron, aplay, aplaymidi, apm, apmd, apropos, apt, apt-get, aptitude, ar, arch, arecord, arecordmidi, arp, as, aspell, at, atd, atq, atrm, audiosend, aumix, autoconf, autoheader, automake, autoreconf, autoscan, autoupdate, awk, badblocks, banner, basename, bash, batch, bc, bg, biff, bind, bison, break, builtin, bzcmp, bzdiff, bzgrep, bzip2, bzless, bzmore, cal, cardctl, cardmgr, case, cat, cc, cd, cdda2wav, cdparanoia, cdrdao, cdrecord, cfdisk, chage, chattr, chdir, chfn, chgrp, chkconfig, chmod, chown, chpasswd, chroot, chrt, chsh, chvt, cksum, clear, cmp, col, colcrt, colrm, column, comm, command, compress, continue, cp, cpio, cpp, cron, crond, crontab, csplit, ctags, cupsd, curl, cut, cvs, date, dc, dd, ddrescue, deallocvt, debugfs, declare, depmod, devdump, df, diff, diff3, dig, dir, dircolors, dirname, dirs, disable, dlpsh, dmesg, dnsdomainname, dnssec-keygen, dnssec-makekeyset, dnssec-signkey, dnssec-signzone, doexec, domainname, dosfsck, du, dump, dumpe2fs, dumpkeys, e2fsck, e2image, e2label, echo, ed, edquota, egrep, eject, elvtune, emacs, enable, env, envsubst, esd, esd-config, esdcat, esdctl, esddsp, esdmon, esdplay, esdrec, esdsample, etags, ethtool, eval, ex, exec, exit, expand, expect, export, expr, factor, false, fc-cache, fc-list, fdformat, fdisk, fetchmail, fg, fgconsole, fgrep, file, find, finger, fingerd, flex, fmt, fold, for, formail, format, free, fsck, ftp, ftpd, function, fuser, g++, gawk, gcc, gdb, getent, getkeycodes, getopts, gpasswd, gpg, gpgsplit, gpgv, gpm, gprof, grep, groff, groffer, groupadd, groupdel, groupmod, groups, grpck, grpconv, gs, gunzip, gzexe, gzip, halt, hash, hdparm, head, help, hexdump, history, host, hostid, hostname, htdigest, htop, hwclock, iconv, id, if, ifconfig, ifdown, ifup, imapd, import, inetd, info, init, insmod, install, iostat, ip, ipcrm, ipcs, iptables, iptables-restore, iptables-save, isodump, isoinfo, isosize, isovfy, ispell, jobs, join, kbd_mode, kbdrate, kill, killall, killall5, klogd, kudzu, last, lastb, lastlog, ld, ldconfig, ldd, less, lesskey, let, lftp, lftpget, link, ln, loadkeys, local, locale, locate, lockfile, logger, login, logname, logout, logrotate, look, losetup, lpadmin, lpc, lpinfo, lpmove, lpq, lpr, lprint, lprintd, lprintq, lprm, lpstat, ls, lsattr, lsblk, lsmod, lsof, lspci, lsusb, m4, mail, mailq, mailstats, mailto, make, makedbm, makemap, man, manpath, mattrib, mbadblocks, mcat, mcd, mcopy, md5sum, mdel,, mdir, mdu, merge, mesg, metamail, metasend, mformat, mimencode, minfo, mkdir, mkdosfs, mke2fs, mkfifo, mkfs, mkfs.ext3, mkisofs, mklost+found, mkmanifest, mknod, mkraid, mkswap, mktemp, mlabel, mmd, mmount, mmove, mmv, modinfo, modprobe, more, most, mount, mountd, mpartition, mpg123, mpg321, mrd, mren, mshowfat, mt, mtools, mtoolstest, mtr, mtype, mv, mzip, named, namei, nameif, nc, netstat, newaliases, newgrp, newusers, nfsd, nfsstat, nice, nl, nm, nohup, notify-send, nslookup, nsupdate, objcopy, objdump, od, op, open, openvt, passwd, paste, patch, pathchk, perl, pgrep, pidof, ping, pinky, pkill, pmap, popd, portmap, poweroff, pppd, pr, praliases, printcap, printenv, printf, ps, ptx, pushd, pv, pwck, pwconv, pwd, python, quota, quotacheck, quotactl, quotaoff, quotaon, quotastats, raidstart, ram, ramsize, ranlib, rar, rarpd, rcp, rdate, rdev, rdist, rdistd, read, readarray, readcd, readelf, readlink, readonly, reboot, reject, remsync, rename, renice, repquota, reset, resize2fs, restore, return, rev, rexec, rexecd, richtext, rlogin, rlogind, rm, rmail, rmdir, rmmod, rndc, rootflags, route, routed, rpcgen, rpcinfo, rpm, rsh, rshd, rsync, runlevel, rup, ruptime, rusers, rusersd, rwall, rwho, rwhod, sane-find-scanner, scanadf, scanimage, scp, screen, script, sdiff, sed, select, sendmail, sensors, seq, set, setfdprm, setkeycodes, setleds, setmetamode, setquota, setsid, setterm, sftp, sh, sha1sum, shift, shopt, showkey, showmount, shred, shutdown, size, skill, slabtop, slattach, sleep, slocate, snice, sort, source, split, ss, ssh, ssh-add, ssh-agent, ssh-keygen, ssh-keyscan, sshd, stat, statd, strace, strfile, strings, strip, stty, su, sudo, sum, suspend, swapoff, swapon, symlink, sync, sysctl, sysklogd, syslogd, tac, tail, tailf, talk, talkd, tar, taskset, tcpd, tcpdump, tcpslice, tee, telinit, telnet, telnetd, test, tftp, tftpd, time, timeout, times, tload, tmpwatch, top, touch, tput, tr, tracepath, traceroute, trap, troff, TRUE, tset, tsort, tty, tune2fs, tunelp, type, ul, ulimit, umask, umount, unalias, uname, uncompress, unexpand, unicode_start, unicode_stop, uniq, units, unrar, unset, unshar, until, uptime, useradd, userdel, usermod, users, usleep, uudecode, uuencode, uuidgen, vdir, vi, vidmode, vim, vmstat, volname, w, wait, wall, warnquota, watch, wc, wget, whatis, whereis, which, while, who, whoami, whois, write, xargs, xdg-open, xinetd, xz, yacc, yes, ypbind, ypcat, ypinit, ypmatch, yppasswd, yppasswdd, yppoll, yppush, ypserv, ypset, yptest, ypwhich, ypxfr, zcat, zcmp, zdiff, zdump, zforce, zgrep, zic, zip, zless, zmore, znew

記事には、コマンドごとに簡単な説明も掲載されている。コマンドの使い方はmanコマンドを使うことで調べることができる(man コマンド名)。Linuxを長く使っていても多くのコマンドを知らずに使っていることは多いが、こうしたコマンド一覧はコマンドの幅を広げる上で役に立つ。

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